Archlinux installation



Flash iso

$ dd if=archlinux-{x}-x86_64.iso of=/dev/sd{x} conv=fsync status=progress

System installation

Connect to the internet:

# wifi-menu

Update the system clock:

# timedatectl set-ntp true

Partition, format and mount:

# fdisk /dev/sda
    n +16G      # for swap
    n +remain   # for /
    t 1 82      # Linux swap
    t 2 83      # Linux filesystem
# mkswap /dev/sda1
# swapon /dev/sda1
# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2
# mount /dev/sda2 /mnt

# fdisk /dev/sda
    n +512M     # for /efi
    n +8192M    # for swap
    n +remain   # for /
    t 1 1       # EFI System
    t 2 19      # Linux swap
    t 3 20      # Linux filesystem
    w           # write

# mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1
# mkswap /dev/sda2
# swapon /dev/sda2
# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3

# mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
# mkdir /mnt/efi
# mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/efi

Install essential packages:

# pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware base-devel vim

Generate fstab:

# genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

chroot to new system:

# arch-chroot /mnt

Set timezone:

# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
# hwclock --systohc


# vim /etc/locale.gen
    uncomment en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
# locale-gen
# vim /etc/locale.conf

Set hostname:

# vim /etc/hostname


Use NetworkManager:

# pacman -S networkmanager
# systemctl enable NetworkManager

Or use systemd-network:

# vim /etc/systemd/network/<nic>.network

# systemctl enable systemd-networkd
# systemctl enable systemd-resolved
# ln -sf /run/systemd/resolve/stub-resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf

User account

Create user:

# useradd -m -g wheel an9wer
# passwd an9wer
# visudo
    uncomment %wheel ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL


EFI Bootloader:

# pacman -S grub efibootmgr
# grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/efi --bootloader-id=archlinux
# grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/efi --bootloader-id=archlinux --removable
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Legency Bootloader:

# pacman -S grub
# grub-install --target=i386-pc /dev/sda
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Exit and reboot:

# exit
# umount -R /mnt
# reboot

Application installation

Update system:

$ sudo pacman -Syu

Install xorg:

$ sudo pacman -S xorg xorg-xinit
    xorg, which contains xorg-server, is needed by dwm and i3.

Install suckless tools:

sudo pacman -S libx11 libxft libxinerama

git clone
make && sudo make install

git clone
make && sudo make install

Install fonts:

$ sudo pacman -S adobe-source-code-pro-fonts ttf-ubuntu-font-family ttf-font-awesome
    for terminal
$ sudo pacman -S noto-fonts noto-fonts-cjk
    for firefox

Install virtual console font:

$ sudo pacman -S tamsyn-font terminus-font

Install firefox:

$ sudo pacman -S firefox flashplugin
        Serif: Noto Serif
        Sans-serif: Noto Sans
        Monospace: Noto Sans Mono

Install chromium:

sudo pacman -S chromium

Install basic tools:

sudo pacman -S openssh
sudo pacman -S bash-completion
sudo pacman -S shadowsocks-qt5

sudo pacman -S xdg-user-dirs

Install alsa:

sudo pacman -S alsa-utils
    amixer sset Master unmute

Install dunst:

sudo pacman -S dunst libnotify

Install fcitx:

sudo pacman -S fcitx fcitx-im fcitx-configtool
    run 'fcitx-configtool'

Install ibus:

$ sudo pacman -S ibus ibus-rime
$ ibus-setup

Install mupdf:

sudo pacman -S mupdf-gl
    if some error of OpenGL happens, may need to install the appropriate dirver for graphic card.
        sudo pacman -S nvidia*

Install imagemagick:

sudo pacman -S imagemagick

Install telegram:

sudo pacman -S telegram-desktop

Install virtualbox:

sudo pacman -S virtualbox
    When encounter "Kernel driver not installed (rc=-1908)"
        sudo modprobe vboxdrv
    When encounter the problem about Mouse disappearing


sudo pacman -S pulseaudio pluseaudio-bluetooth bluez bluez-utils
    restart pulseaudio
        pulseaudio --kill
        pulseaudio --start
    run bluetoothctl to connect device

Fix tap-to-click for touchpad:

sudo pacman -S xf86-input-synaptics
   synclient TapButton1=1 TapButton2=3 TapButton3=2

Update 2019/03/25

When installing archlinux on ACER, encounter secure boot problem. Found a way to solve it:

Update 2019/04/26

Disable nvidia graphic card:

sudo pacman -S bumblebee bbswitch
sudo pacman -S xf86-video-intel (I don't know is this pacakge required?)

vim /etc/modules-load.d/bbswitch.conf

vim /etc/modprobe.d/bbswitch.conf
    options bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1

vim /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf
    Section "Device"
        Identifier  "Intel Graphics"
        Driver      "intel"

vim /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-monitor.conf
    Section "Monitor"
        Identifier  "HDMI1"
    Section "Monitor"
        Identifier  "eDP1"
        Option      "LeftOf" "HDMI1"

Then, reboot, run command `lspci -k` to check that the kernel driver of 3D
controller is not in use.

Update 2019/05/02

Set tap button of touchpad:

vim /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-synaptics.conf
    Section "InputClass"
        Identifier "touchpad"
        Driver "synaptics"
        MatchIsTouchpad "on"
            Option "TapButton1" "1"
            Option "TapButton2" "3"
            Option "TapButton3" "2"

Update 2019/10/16

Install RDP client remmina:

# pacman -S remmina freerdp

Update 2020/08/19

Disable the root login:

# passwd -l root

Unlock root:

$ sudo passwd -u root